Adeyinka GC, Evaluation and risk assessment of heavy metals in surface water collected along the Isipingo River KwaZulu Natal South Africa.pdf (972.31 kB)
Download file

Evaluation and risk assessment of heavy metals in surface water collected along the Isipingo river, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Download (972.31 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-20, 10:20 authored by Gbadebo Clement Adeyinka, Babatunde Femi Bakare, Samuel Ayodele Iwarere
In this study, the pollution levels, sources, and ecological risks associated with five selected heavy metals (chromium, copper, iron, lead, and zinc)were evaluated in surface water, soil, and sedi?ment systems along the Isipingo River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The surface water, soil and sediment samples collected along the river, were preserved, transported, and stored followed the stan?dard procedures. Soil and sediment samples were digested for heavy metal determination using a microwave digestion system. The digested samples were quantitatively analysed using an induc?tively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES). The results demonstrate that majority of the targeted heavy metals were found below the detection limits in surface water except for iron (Fe), which was found within the concentration range of 9.54 to 46.76 µg/L. Lead was found below the detection limit in water, soil, and sediment samples, while other heavy metals were within the range not detected(ND)to 0.222 µg/kg dry weight and 0.212 µg/kg dry weight in soil and sediment respectively. The ecological risk assessment of the studied metals in soil and sediment systems from this riversignified that water from this river had less probable potential adverse effects on both animals and humans as well as benthic organisms.


The authors wish to thank the Department of the Chemical EngineeringMangosuthu University of Technology for providing the research facilities.